Scoliosis surgery in iran

Scoliosis surgery in iran

What is Scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a condition of abnormal curvature of the spine. It is diagnosed in childhood or adolescence. While the cause of childhood scoliosis is unknown, it is also seen in people with conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy. Most scoliosis diseases are mild. However, some spinal curvatures may worsen with age. Typical symptoms of scoliosis are a visibly curved spine, one shoulder being higher than the other, one shoulder or hip being more prominent than the other
what is Normal Spin

Normal Spin

s scoliosis

S Shape

c scoliosis

C Shape

What are the causes of scoliosis?

In about 8 out of 10 cases, the cause of scoliosis is unknown. It can be said that scoliosis develops due to factors such as poor posture, exercise or diet. In addition, there is a possibility of inheriting this disease from the genes. The bones in the spine not forming properly in the womb, an underlying nerve or muscle problem such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy, the wear of the spine with age can be listed as the causes of scoliosis.

Scoliosis Treatment

Scoliosis is usually diagnosed by physical examination, x-ray, spine X-ray, CT scan or MRI. Scoliosis treatment depends on your age, how severe the curvature is, and whether it gets worse over time. Infants and young children may not need treatment as spinal curvature may improve over time. When children grown up, back braces or plastic braces can be worn to prevent the curvature from getting worse.


Surgery is often the best option for more severe scoliosis. Different surgical procedures may be performed depending on the site of the curve, its degree, a patient’s specific symptoms, and the type of scoliosis.
  • Spinal fusion is a procedure in which a surgeon joins vertebrae to put them in a more normal anatomic position.
  • Microdecompression is a minimally invasive procedure that helps relieve pressure on nerves. Since this option may worsen your curve, especially if it is greater than 30 degrees, this procedure is usually only done at one vertebral level.
  • Surgical stabilization entails using various instruments—screws, wires, anchoring hooks, and rods—to stabilize the spine so it can fuse in the correct position.
  • Osteotomy involves removing and realigning vertebrae to allow for proper spine alignment.
For congenital scoliosis, a surgeon may recommend surgery in which growth rods are attached to the spine above and below the curve. These growth rods correct the spine as it continues to grow.

Other Treatment Options

Studies are investigating the effectiveness of many other scoliosis treatments, including:
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Chiropractic manipulation
  • Physical therapy

What is Hyperkyphosis?

Hyperkyphosis (often just called kyphosis) is a curvature of the spine that occurs in the upper back, resulting in a hunched or stooped appearance. It affects approximately 8% of the general population, and while it is most common in older people, it can affect men and women of all ages.

Hyperkyphosis vs Scoliosis: What’s the Difference?

Hyperkyphosis and scoliosis are two different curvatures of the spine. We treat both conditions here in iran. The difference lies in the direction of the curvature:
  • Hyperkyphosis: Causes the upperregion of the spine to curve forwards, making the patient’s upper back look unusually rounded or hunched.
  • Scoliosis: Causes the spine to curve sideways, forming a ‘C’ or ‘S’ shape.
image 3

How Does Hyperkyphosis Affect the Body?

Kyphosis patients can usually be recognised by their visibly hunched backs, but this is just one of the many ways in which hyperkyphosis can affect one’s body. Kyphosis patients
Other symptoms of kyphosis include:
  • Back pain
  • Stiffness and discomfort
  • Reduced mobility / flexibility
  • Fatigue
  • Poor body image
But that’s not all. A severe kyphotic spinal curve can even interfere with the body’s most fundamental inner workings, such as the respiratory and digestive systems.
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