Spinal Disc Herniation Treatment in iran

Spinal Disc Herniation Treatment in iran

Spinal discs have a special place in between the vertebra, which protects the spine from sudden shocks. However, due to sudden trauma or injury, the discs become prone to fracture and dislocate to the spinal canal. The hindrance in the spinal canal produces difficulty in movement. Iran  has renowned surgeons that offer highly advanced options for spinal disc herniation treatment.

Why is it worth visiting iran for Spinal Disc Herniation treatment?

medical packages are less costly compared to Europe and middle east .The spine surgeons in iran have experience in treating degenerative discs using personalized approaches. Affordable prices also another point that patients conside it as well.

Diagnosis of Spinal Disc Herniation in iran

Myelogram for Spinal Disc Herniation: This diagnostic method is particularly used for patients who cannot be examined through MRI. The patient is examined through a device that works through a contrast material and fluoroscopy to observe the spine. The highlighted area shows the abnormalities in spine structure.
Nerve tests : An electromyogram helps identify nerve damage inside the discs. The surgeons perform this test when a patient complains of numbness in the spine area.

Non-Surgical Treatments

The initial treatment for a herniated disc is usually conservative and nonsurgical. A doctor may advise the patient to maintain a low, painless activity level for a few days to several weeks. This helps the spinal nerve inflammation to decrease. Bedrest is not recommended.
A herniated disc is frequently treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, if the pain is only mild to moderate. An epidural steroid injection may be performed utilizing a spinal needle under X-ray guidance to direct the medication to the exact level of the disc herniation.
The doctor may recommend physical therapy. The therapist will perform an in-depth evaluation, which, combined with the doctor’s diagnosis, dictates a treatment specifically designed for patients with herniated discs. Therapy may include pelvic traction, gentle massage, ice and heat therapy, ultrasound, electrical muscle stimulation and stretching exercises. Pain medication and muscle relaxants may also be beneficial in conjunction with physical therapy.

Types of surgery for herniated disc

  • Diskectomy. During this procedure, your surgeon removes your damaged disk to relieve pressure on your nerves. He can perform the surgery in a couple of ways:
Your surgeons performs open diskectomy is via a cut in your back or neck.
Microdiscectomy is done through a much smaller incision. Your surgeon inserts a thin tube with a camera on one end to see and remove the damaged disk.
  • Lumbar laminotomy. Sometimes your surgeon will also need to remove a small piece of bone called the lamina from the vertebra.
The lamina forms a protective cover over your spinal cord. Removing part or all of it helps the surgeon access your herniated disk. It also can relieve pressure on your nerves and eliminate leg pain and sciatica.
The lamina can be removed during the diskectomy. Or, you might have it taken out in a separate surgery.
  • Spinal fusion. After a diskectomy or laminotomy, your surgeon may fuse together the two vertebrae on either side of the disk to stabilize your spine. This is called spinal fusion. Fusing the two disks will stop the bones from moving and prevent you from having any more pain.
  • Artificial disk surgery. Only a few people are good candidates for artificial disk surgery because it only works on certain disks in your lower back. But if your doctor thinks this is an option, he will replace your damaged disk with one made of plastic or metal. The new disk will help keep your spine stable and let you move more easily.
After gathering all the information they can, your surgeon may recommend one of these surgeries. In some cases, a person may require a combination of surgeries.
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