Organ Transplantation in Iran

Organ Transplantation in Iran

Transplantation is a medical procedure in which an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ. The donor and recipient may be at the same location, or organs may be transported from a donor site to another location. Organs and/or tissues that are transplanted within the same person’s body are called autografts. Transplants that are recently performed between two subjects of the same species are called allografts. Allografts can either be from a living or cadaveric source.
Transplantation medicine is one of the most challenging and complex areas of modern medicine. Some of the key areas for medical management are the problems of transplant rejection, during which the body has an immune response to the transplanted organ, possibly leading to transplant failure and the need to immediately remove the organ from the recipient. When possible, transplant rejection can be reduced through serotyping to determine the most appropriate donor-recipient match and through the use of immunosuppressant drugs.

Bone Marrow Transplantation in Iran

Bone marrow transplantation is a successfully implemented method for the treatment of cancer and some non-cancerous conditions. It is used successfully for the treatment of Leukemia (AML, ALL, CML, CLL), Lymphomas (NHL, Hodgkin), Multiple Myeloma, Aplastic Anemia, Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS), Solid Tumors (Testis Tumor, Ewing sarcoma, etc.), Immunodeficiencies and some metabolic genetic diseases.
Iran is among the top 10 countries in the world in liver transplantation and ranks first in the area. Annually, there are at least 500 liver transplantations in the country, signifying a foremost growth in the health sector. There are currently 30 transplant programs in Iran with approximately 2500 kidney transplants being performed annually.

Organ Transplants in Iran

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